The latest guideline for the new policy of confirmed cases. What to do if you are confirmed to have Covid-19?
The global impact of the Covid-19 outbreak in the last two years has had a dramatic impact on the lives of people around the world.The Covid-19 virus not only spreads easily, but is also more potent with the subsequent emergence of Delta and Omicron variants.The number of cases in Taiwan has also been rising rapidly recently, but mostly in patients with mild or no obvious symptoms.With the rapid increase in the number of confirmed cases, what should we do if we find a confirmed case around us or a positive fast screening result? This article will give you a quick overview of the latest policy and related measures.
There are three ways to detect the risk of infection:
Antigen (nasal/oral examination) Rapid Test
The Antigen rapid test is a "Nasopharyngeal swabs" or "oral cavity" collection for the detection of viral proteins to determine the presence of Covid-19 infection.
The testing time is fast, antigen rapid tests are easy to determine if the person is" under infection"; however, there is still the possibility of false positive or false negative.
The results of the rapid test can be quickly determined (about 15-30 minutes) to be either negative or positive:
Please go to a nearby community testing facility for further testing. Wear a mask and do not take public transportation. Please wrap the used rapid test in a sealed package and hand them over to the epidemic prevention staff at the testing facility. The epidemic prevention staff will assist you with the PCR test.
Compared to home rapid test kits, which provide fast results, PCR tests are more time-consuming and labor-intensive.PCR test is also used to collect nasal/oral specimens, but the procedure for PCR is more specialized and requires specialized personnel to operate the equipment. The test is sent to a specialized facility for testing.
It takes a few hours to find out if the test results are negative or positive, so the epidemic prevention staff will ask people to go home first and wait for notification. A notification letter will be sent to the applicant after the test is completed. (For inbound testing, you will need to wait for the test results at the airport and then make follow-up arrangements based on negative/positive results.)
The PCR test is negative and those who are not infected still need to be isolated at home for 7 days to observe if there are any symptoms, and after 7 days of self-health management, they can return to normal life.
Read more: 7 days of self-health management regulations guidelines, what should you do after the quarantine?
For home isolation, self-initiated epidemic prevention, home quarantine, etc., if the test result is positive using the home antigen rapid test and confirmed by the medical personnel, it is considered as a confirmed diagnosis.
From May 12, if the target of home isolation/home quarantine is tested "positive" during the period of home isolation, self-initiated epidemic prevention or home quarantine, using the household rapid screening test:
If you are in a home quarantine or isolated at home, and you feel unwell, you can contact the Department of Health or 1922 as soon as possible to follow the instructions.
If you are not in home quarantine or home isolation, and you were confirmed with COVID-19 after PCR test, the health unit will arrange for you to go to a hospital, collective quarantine center, quarantine hotel or home care mode for a 7 days isolation and 7 days of self-health management, depending on whether you are eligible the conditions for home care.
What is home care?
Home care is a way for CECC to alleviate the large number of recent Covid-19 confirmed cases and avoid the collapse of the healthcare system, considering that most of the recent confirmed cases are minor and asymptomatic patients, CECC announces Guidelines for Home Care Management of Confirmed COVID-19 Cases.
Medical resources will be reserved for patients with serious illnesses, while patients with minor or no symptoms will be cared for at home to reduce the burden on the medical system. There are two main ways to isolate patients who are eligible for home care:
Those who do not qualify for home care:
Those who do not qualify for home care:
Those who are eligible for home care
Adults and teenagers with no symptoms or mild symptoms will be admitted to the home care model if they satisfy the following conditions:
Persons under 69 years of age who are eligible for home care and are not 65-69 years of age living alone
Children with no symptoms or minor illnesses who are eligible for home care can be admitted to the home care model.
Confirmed cases with no symptoms or mild cases requiring dialysis can be arranged for home care and dialysis treatment at designated clinics or hospitals according to the plan of the Department of Health.
Environmental conditions for home care
For confirmed cases:
Those who live with the confirmed cases but have not been infected:
How are people eligible for home care managed?
Conditions for Release of Seclusion for Home Caregivers
Confirmed diagnosis (with 2 of the following requirements for release from isolation and begin 7 days of self-health management):
Those who live with the confirmed cases but have not been infected
Under the new 3+4 home isolation policy, the isolation date is 3 days from the date of confirmed cases of the latest infection in the same household + 4 days for self-health management.
If you are in home quarantine or home isolation, if you feel unwell and have a positive rapid test result, you can contact the Department of Health or 1922 as soon as possible and follow the instructions.
If you have been isolated for 3-5 days in a hospital, intensive collective quarantine center, or quarantine hotel, you may be discharged from the hospital if you are evaluated by a professional and no longer require inpatient care and meet the conditions for discharge.
Those who do not qualify for release from isolation may be transferred home for home care until the expiration of the isolation period.
Home quarantine, home isolation conditions of release from isolation
Patients with no symptoms or mild cases of Covid-19 diagnosed during home quarantine and home isolation will be tested by medical staff and released from isolation to a 7 days period of self-health management if the following conditions are fulfilled:
If a pregnant woman becomes infected during pregnancy, she is at higher risk of complications and is nearing her expected date of birth and will require care at any time, making her unsuitable for home care. Therefore, pregnant women who are confirmed will be triaged according to the number of weeks of pregnancy.
If an isolated person needs medical attention during home quarantine, home isolation, or home care, the following are the principles of medical attention according to emergency, non-emergency, or screening conditions: